OverviewA summary of the factors affecting water levels in Crooked Lake
Crooked Lake is located within a closed basin, which means the lake does not recieve flow from other lakes or rivers. Water levels in Crooked Lake, therefore, are highly dependent on rainfall within the watershed.
The Crooked Lake watershed includes two sub-basins. The southern sub-basin is known as Little Crooked Lake. When the lake level exceeds approximately 114 feet NAVD88, the two sub-basins are hydrologically connected. When water levels fall, such as during a drought, the two sub-basins form two distinct water bodies. The watershed boundary, including the outlines of the two sub-basins are shown in Figure 1 below.
When water levels exceed approximately 119 feet NAVD88, water can discharge from Crooked Lake south into Lake Clinch. However, the canal between Crooked Lake and Lake Clinch is located on private property and not regularly maintained. Therefore, vegetation growth and erosion can impede water flow during high water levels.
The slope of the lake bottom is highly variable, with the northern lobes of the lake reaching depths of over 30 feet, and the southern lobes being less than 20 feet deep. The area of the lake can change substantially with changes in water level.
Water level data for Crooked Lake is collected and maintained by the Southwest Florida Water Management District. The water level gauge is located near the boat ramp at Bob's Landing. The water level data is available from SWFWMD at this link.
Minimum Flows and LevelsThe Southwest Florida Water Management District establishes MFLs to protect the nature of Crooked Lake
In 1972, the state of Florida created 5 water management districts to regulate water use and facilitate water resource planning across the state. The district responsible for most of Polk County, including Crooked Lake, is the Southwest Florida Water Management District (SWFWMD). When an organization (e.g. a farm, a municipal water utility, factory, etc.) wants to construct a well and start pumping water out of the ground, they must first apply to SWFWMD for a Water Use Permit. The permit application process requires that the applicant demonstrate that they will not have a negative impact on existing legal users or nearby surface water bodies. To facilitate this process, SWFWMD establishes minimum flows and levels (MFLs) for water bodies throughout the district. According to Florida Statutes (Section 373.042(1)(b)), the minimum water level of a surface water body is defined as "...the level of surface water at which further withdrawals would be significantly harmful to the water resources of the area." Therefore, if a water body is currently meeting its MFL, a water use permit applicant must demonstrate that their water use will not cause a water body to fall below its MFL. If a water body is not currently meeting its MFL, water use permit applicants must demonstrate no impact on the water body.
There are four components to the MFL established for Crooked Lake:
|Component||Description||Minimum Elevation (Feet NAVD88)|
|High Guidance Level||The elevation that a lake's water levels are expected to equal or exceed ten percent of the time on a long-term basis.||120.47|
|High Minimum Lake Level||The elevation that a lake's water levels are required to equal or exceed ten percent of the time on a long-term basis.||119.67|
|Minimum Lake Level||The elevation that the lake's water levels are required to equal or exceed fifty percent of the time on a long-term basis.||116.67|
|Low Guidance Level||The elevation that a lake's water levels are expected to equal or exceed ninety percent of the time on a long-term basis.||114.87|
Based on the most recent analysis (2016), the MFL for Crooked Lake is not being met.